Influenza, also known as the flu, is an infection caused by influenza viruses. Despite being commonly confused with the common cold which is caused by other respiratory viruses, influenza is usually more severe.
2) How Influenza Spreads
Influenza is spread from person to person through
● respiratory droplets propelled by coughing and sneezing.
● contact with contaminated surfaces, for example touching an object like a doorknob or telephone receiver that has been recently handled by someone who is infected with influenza and then touching the nose or mouth. Children and persons with weakened immune systems may be infectious for longer periods of time.
3) What to Do If You Have Influenza
If you suspect you have an influenza infection, you should stay home and avoid contact with other people except to seek medical care. You should also avoid strenuous physical activity such as jogging and running during the illness until complete recovery. Most people with influenza have mild illness and do not require medical care or antiviral drugs.
4) Precautions You Can Take
● Annual influenza vaccination is recommended to protect against influenza, especially for individuals belonging to populations at higher risk of complications of influenza.
● Practising good personal hygiene to prevent the spread of influenza. Wash your hands regularly and thoroughly with soap and water, especially before touching your eyes, nose or mouth
● Staying home from work or school when you are sick.